Come posso ottenere che apt-get update funzioni su una macchina senza accesso a Internet e assegnato manualmente l'indirizzo IP?

19

Ho impostato apt-mirror e scaricato con successo i pacchetti ubuntu più recenti in una macchina che può accedere a Internet. L'obiettivo è utilizzare questa macchina come repository quando si fa apt-get update sul computer di destinazione che non può accedere a Internet. Entrambe le macchine sono state configurate con indirizzi IP manuali e entrambe le macchine sono in esecuzione con Ubuntu 16.04 come sistema operativo. Il etc/apt/sources.list nella macchina di destinazione ha solo una riga:

deb http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted multiverse universe

Ma quando faccio sudo apt-get update sul computer di destinazione, ottengo il seguente errore:

Ign:1 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main InRelease
Ign:2 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main Release
Ign:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages
Ign:4 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted i386 Packages
Ign:5 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted all Packages
Ign:6 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en_HK
Ign:7 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en
Ign:8 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse amd64 Packages
Ign:9 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse i386 Packages
Ign:10 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse all Packages
Ign:11 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en_HK
Ign:12 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en
Ign:13 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe amd64 Packages
Ign:14 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe i386 Packages
Ign:15 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe all Packages
Ign:16 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en_HK
Ign:17 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en
Ign:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages
Ign:4 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted i386 Packages
Ign:5 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted all Packages
Ign:6 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en_HK
Ign:7 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en
Ign:8 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse amd64 Packages
Ign:9 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse i386 Packages
Ign:10 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse all Packages
Ign:11 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en_HK
Ign:12 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en
Ign:13 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe amd64 Packages
Ign:14 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe i386 Packages
Ign:15 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe all Packages
Ign:16 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en_HK
Ign:17 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en
Ign:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages
Ign:4 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted i386 Packages
Ign:5 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted all Packages
Ign:6 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en_HK
Ign:7 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en
Ign:8 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse amd64 Packages
Ign:9 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse i386 Packages
Ign:10 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse all Packages
Ign:11 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en_HK
Ign:12 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en
Ign:13 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe amd64 Packages
Ign:14 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe i386 Packages
Ign:15 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe all Packages
Ign:16 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en_HK
Ign:17 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en
Ign:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages
Ign:4 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted i386 Packages
Ign:5 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted all Packages
Ign:6 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en_HK
Ign:7 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en
Ign:8 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse amd64 Packages
Ign:9 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse i386 Packages
Ign:10 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse all Packages
Ign:11 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en_HK
Ign:12 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en
Ign:13 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe amd64 Packages
Ign:14 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe i386 Packages
Ign:15 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe all Packages
Ign:16 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en_HK
Ign:17 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en
Ign:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages
Ign:4 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted i386 Packages
Ign:5 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted all Packages
Ign:6 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en_HK
Ign:7 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en
Ign:8 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse amd64 Packages
Ign:9 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse i386 Packages
Ign:10 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse all Packages
Ign:11 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en_HK
Ign:12 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en
Ign:13 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe amd64 Packages
Ign:14 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe i386 Packages
Ign:15 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe all Packages
Ign:16 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en_HK
Ign:17 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en
Err:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages
  404  Not Found
Ign:4 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted i386 Packages
Ign:5 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted all Packages
Ign:6 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en_HK
Ign:7 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en
Ign:8 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse amd64 Packages
Ign:9 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse i386 Packages
Ign:10 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse all Packages
Ign:11 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en_HK
Ign:12 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en
Ign:13 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe amd64 Packages
Reading package lists... Done
W: The repository 'http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main Release' does not have a Release file.
N: Data from such a repository can't be authenticated and is therefore potentially dangerous to use.
N: See apt-secure(8) manpage for repository creation and user configuration details.
E: Failed to fetch http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/dists/main/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages  404  Not Found
E: Some index files failed to download. They have been ignored, or old ones used instead.

Sulla macchina di destinazione:

  1. Il file /etc/resolve.conf contiene quanto segue:

    # Dynamic resolv.conf(5) file for glibc resolver(3) generated by resolvconf(8)
    #     DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE BY HAND -- YOUR CHANGES WILL BE OVERWRITTEN
    nameserver 127.0.1.1
    
  2. Il /etc/network/interfaces contiene quanto segue:

    # interfaces(5) file used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8)
    auto lo
    iface lo inet loopback
    

Inoltre, poiché l'unica riga nell'output di apt-get update che dice esplicitamente l'errore è Err:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages , ho verificato se il file esiste eseguendo quanto segue nella macchina di destinazione

wget http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages

E vedo che il file è lì, poiché ottengo il seguente risultato:

--2017-12-21 17:23:24--  http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages
Connecting to <local_repo_IP>:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 127112 (124K)
Saving to: ‘Packages’

Packages                100%[============================>] 124.13K  --.-KB/s    in 0s      

2017-12-21 17:23:24 (469 MB/s) - ‘Packages’ saved [127112/127112]

Ho anche controllato se posso eseguire il ping con successo dalla macchina di destinazione alla macchina di repo. Anche questo funziona.

PING <local_repo_IP> (<local_repo_IP>) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from <local_repo_IP>: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.169 ms
64 bytes from <local_repo_IP>: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.671 ms
64 bytes from <local_repo_IP>: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.186 ms
64 bytes from <local_repo_IP>: icmp_seq=4 ttl=64 time=0.190 ms
64 bytes from <local_repo_IP>: icmp_seq=5 ttl=64 time=0.315 ms
^C
--- <local_repo_IP> ping statistics ---
5 packets transmitted, 5 received, 0% packet loss, time 4047ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.169/0.306/0.671/0.190 ms

Quindi, cosa c'è di sbagliato in apt-get update ? Come posso risolvere il problema e farlo funzionare?

P.S. Ho appena notato che l'errore dice http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/dists/main/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages . Perché sta cercando di cercare pacchetti restricted all'interno del main? Non dovrebbe cercare in http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages ? Infatti quando faccio wget http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/dists/main/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages , dà il seguente errore:

--2017-12-21 17:26:06--  http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/dists/main/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages
Connecting to <local_repo_IP>:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 404 Not Found
2017-12-21 17:26:06 ERROR 404: Not Found.

Cosa sta succedendo qui? Perché sta cercando di verificare la presenza di una directory non esistente? E come posso rendere apt-get update punto al percorso corretto?

    
posta Kristada673 03.01.2018 - 07:50

2 risposte

21

Ho trovato la soluzione per modificare il file etc/apt/sources.list per includere file solo dell'architettura del sistema:

deb [arch=amd64] http://192.168.12.61/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted multiverse universe

Ora, quando eseguo l'aggiornamento, non dà alcun errore:

$ sudo apt update
Hit:1 http://192.168.12.61/ubuntu xenial InRelease
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
All packages are up to date.

Ho pensato di pubblicare questa come una possibile soluzione per chiunque abbia lo stesso problema.

    
risposta data Kristada673 03.01.2018 - 09:18
0

mia opinione su [amd-64] ... Se diciamo, ad esempio, nel tuo /etc/apt/sources.list hai abilitato gli aggiornamenti di Google Chrome deb [arch = amd64] link stabile principale

puoi vedere che è l'unica voce che contiene [amd-64] e proviene da una fonte google.

Nella tua prima menzione iniziale di "deb link ...", forse i tuoi aggiornamenti si sono bloccati quando è arrivato alla lista sources.list del chrome aggiornamento, dal momento che non è stato specificamente menzionato come tale.

Oppure, guarda sudo apt-cache policy , sources.list e sources.list.d

Alla fine, potrei avventurarmi e replicarlo nel mio laboratorio, prima di rispondere ulteriormente.

    
risposta data mindtab 09.01.2018 - 22:06

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